covers the meanings of "each" and "every." It should normally be used with a measure words and used with 都 dōu in a complete sentence.
mĕigerén dōu xĭhuan tāmende māma.
Everyone likes his or her own mother.
zhōngguó de mĕigè chéngshì wŏdōu qùguò 。
I’ve been to every city in city.
verb/adjective A common way to form questions in Chinese is to use a verb or an adjective in the positive first, then repeat the same verb or the adjective in its negative form. It’s similar to that in English when we can say, "Do you have money or not?" or "Have you or have you not been to the park?" This sentence pattern is a lot more natural in Chinese than those admittedly awkward English equivalents, however.
nĭ xĭbùxĭhuan kàn diànshì ？
Do you like watching TV or not?
xuézhōngwén nánbùnán ？
Is it hard to learn Chinese?
In Chinese, verbs can be reduplicated to indicate the actions happening briefly or "a little bit."
nĭ wènwen mèimei xiăngbùxiăng chīfàn 。
Ask your sister if she wants to eat.
wŏ kànkan nĭzài zuòshénme 。
Let me have a look at what you are doing.
The 把 bǎ sentence is a useful structure for focusing on the result or influence of an action. It's really common in Mandarin, but English speakers will feel a bit strange at first. The structure is Subj.+ 把 bǎ + Obj+ verb phrase
bă liăn xĭle 。
Wash your face!
bă fàn chīle 。
Have you food!