families with children 4

 
 

Grammar

“补语”    

A complement is a word or phrase following a verb (or sometimes an adjective) that provides additional meaning to the verb phrase. Complements are not the same as objects, and can be as short as one character, or practically as long as a sentence. Complements "show the duration, quantity, degree, result, direction or possibility of an action; or to illustrate the state, number, degree of a thing.

 

你听见我说的话了吗?

nĭ tīngjiàn wŏ shuōde huà le ma ?

Did you hear what I said?

 

你收到我写的信了吗?

nĭ shōudào wŏ xiĕ de xìn le ma ?

Did you get my letter?

 

 

老  

lăo   

is used before a title to express the closeness. It’s used mostly in oral Chinese.

 

我老哥给我买了好多好吃的。

wŏ lăogē gĕi wŏ măile hăo duō hăo chī de 。

My elder brother bought a lot of food for me.

 

老王今天上班吗?

lăowáng jīntiān shàngbān ma ?

Is Mr. Wang here in work today?

 

Often heard when scolding or giving advice (like when parents talking to children) is 少    shǎo   , which can mean "to do less of something." Just as you can use 多 duō   to talk about doing something more, you can use 少  shǎo   to talk about doing something less.

 

学生应该少看电视。

xuésheng yīnggāi shăo kàn diàn shì 。

Students should watch less TV.

 

你少说话,多做事。

nĭ shăo shuōhuà , duō zuòshì 。

Talk less and work more.

 

In order to say that something "just now" occurred, use the time none 刚才  gāng cái.  It can be placed in front of the verb or the subject of a statement. This grammar structure is pretty straightforward. Similar to the English "just now," you can put 刚才 gāng cái    right before the verb in a sentence. It can also come before or after the subject.

 

你刚才吃了什么?

nĭ gāngcái chī le shénme ?

What did you eat just now?

 

刚才我看见了一只蜘蛛。

gāngcái wŏ kànjiàn le yì zhī zhī zhū 。

I saw a spider just now.