families with children 3
+ verb is a common expression in oral Chinese. It means to help do something, the verb after should be repeated or use “verb + 一下 yí xià ”
yīshēng nĭ gĕi kànkan zhè ge bìng ba 。
Please examine it, doctor.
māma nĭ gĕi zuò yíxià fàn ba 。
Please cook the meal, mother.
means why in oral Chinese.
tā zĕnme méi qù xuéxiào ？
Why did he go to school?
wŏ zĕnme bùmíngbai lăoshī shuō de huà ？
Why didn’t I understand the words of the teacher?
sentence is a useful structure for focusing on the result or influence of an action. It's really common in Mandarin, but it can be a bit strange for English speakers at first.
tā bă wŏ de fàn chī le 。
She ate my food.
nĭ bă zuò yè zuò wán le ma ？
Did you finish your homework?
can also mean 甚至 shèn zhì, meaning "even to the point that," and in this form it expresses the emphasis.
nĭ cóng mĕiguó dōu huílai yì băi bā shí tiān le 。
You’ve been back for 180 days.
wŏ dōu chīle sān wăn fàn le ， hái méiyŏu chī băo 。
I haven’t been full with three bowls of rice.
You may have known that you're not supposed to use 是 shì before an adjective. But then you may have later come across some sentence patterns--apparently using adjectives--where you have to use 是 shì (and also 的 de ). These are sentences that use a special type of word (you might think of it as a special class of adjectives, if that helps) called “distinguishing words”.
nĭde xuĕ shì tián de 。
Your blood is sweet.
zhège píngguŏ shì huàide 。
The apple has gone bad.
dăo shí chā
means adjusting our physiological time to the local time.