what day is it today?
2. Days of the week:
星期 means “week” in Chinese. And to express the days in the week, we simply add the number one to six after 星期 to indicate Monday to Saturday. Sunday in Chinese is special. There are two ways to say Sunday, which are 星期日（written language） and 星期天（spoken language）. In China, a week starts from Monday.
3. Months and years.
In Chinese months and years are quite easy to express.
In spoken Chinese 号is used to refer to the days of the month, 日 is used in the written Chinese.
Jīntiān shì wǔ yuè sì hào.
It’s 4th May today.
Míngtiān shì bā yuè shí rì.
Tomorrow is 10th August.
We use one digital number in Chinese years.
Yī jiǔ wǔ bā nián
jīnnián shì èr líng yīqī nián.
This year is 2017.
The order of expressing a date in Chinese is : year, month, date and day.
Yī jiǔ jiǔ qī nián qī yuè yī rì xīngqísān
Wednesday, 1st July, 1997
èr líng líng bā nián shí yuè shí'èr rì xīngqíwǔ
Friday, 12th October, 2008
liǎng diǎn zhōng
shí diǎn zhōng
Minute： number+点+number+分, please notice that when there is only a single-digit number of 分, the 零 is must needed before that.
Sān diǎn shíwǔ fēn
Bā diǎn líng wǔ fēn
Half an hour: number +点半
wǔ diǎn bàn
Shíyī diǎn bàn
liù diǎn yī kè
Shí'èr diǎn yī kè
4. The particle 的
的 in Chinese works the similar as apostrophe-“ ’s” or adjectival possessive pronoun in English. It is placed after nouns, pronouns or noun phrases to indicate the belonging.
Wǒ de shēngrì.
wǒ de jiějiě.
When 的 is followed by a term to indicate a close relationship, such as family members. 的 can be omitted.
Wǒ māmā, wǒ bàba.
5. Alternative questions.
One way of using 还是 is to form an alternative question. Similar usage to “or” in English.
Nǐ shì zhōngguó rén háishì yīngguó rén?
Are you a Chinese or an English?
Nǐ xǐhuān zhōngguó cài háishì měiguó cài?
Do you like Chinese or American food?
6. Ask about degree with 多。
多 is often used to ask about the degree or extent of something. Use 多+ adjective to express “How big? How old? How long?”…..
Nǐ jīnnián duōdà?
How old are you?
Nǐ jiā yǒu duōshǎo rén?
How many people are there in your family?