lesson 5   
what day is it today?
 
 

gRAMMAR

  1. Numbers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 2.​ Days of the week:

星期 means “week” in Chinese. And to express the days in the week, we simply add the number one to six after 星期 to indicate Monday to Saturday. Sunday in Chinese is special. There are two ways to say Sunday, which are 星期日(written language) and 星期天(spoken language). In China, a week starts from Monday.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3. Months and years.

In Chinese months and years are quite easy to express.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 In spoken Chinese 号is used to refer to the days of the month, 日 is used in the written Chinese.

今天是五月四号。

Jīntiān shì wǔ yuè sì hào.

It’s 4th May today.

明天是八月十日。

Míngtiān shì bā yuè shí rì.

Tomorrow is 10th August.

 

We use one digital number in Chinese years.

一九五八年

Yī jiǔ wǔ bā nián

1958

今年是二零一七年。

jīnnián shì èr líng yīqī nián.

This year is 2017.

 

The order of expressing a date in Chinese is : year, month, date and day.

一九九七年七月一日星期三 

Yī jiǔ jiǔ qī nián qī yuè yī rì xīngqísān 

Wednesday, 1st July, 1997

二零零八年十月十二日星期五

èr líng líng bā nián shí yuè shí'èr rì xīngqíwǔ

Friday, 12th October, 2008

 

  1. Telling time

Hour: number+点(钟)

两点钟

liǎng diǎn zhōng

two o’clock

十点钟

shí diǎn zhōng

two o’clock

 

Minute: number+点+number+分, please notice that when there is only a single-digit number of 分, the 零 is must needed before that.

三点十五分

Sān diǎn shíwǔ fēn

3:15

八点零五分

Bā diǎn líng wǔ fēn

3:15

 

Half an hour: number +点半

五点半

wǔ diǎn bàn

5:30

十一点半

Shíyī diǎn bàn

11:30

 

Quarter hour

六点一刻

liù diǎn yī kè

11:30

十二点一刻

Shí'èr diǎn yī kè

12:15

 

  4. The particle 的

的 in Chinese works the similar as apostrophe-“ ’s” or adjectival possessive pronoun in English. It is placed after nouns, pronouns or noun phrases to indicate the belonging.

我的生日。

Wǒ de shēngrì.

My birthday

我的姐姐。

wǒ de jiějiě.

My sister

When 的 is followed by a term to indicate a close relationship, such as family members. 的 can be omitted.

我妈妈,我爸爸。

Wǒ māmā, wǒ bàba.

My sister

 

   5. Alternative questions.

One way of using 还是 is to form an alternative question. Similar usage to “or” in English.

你是中国人还是英国人?

Nǐ shì zhōngguó rén háishì yīngguó rén?

Are you a Chinese or an English?

你喜欢中国菜还是美国菜?

Nǐ xǐhuān zhōngguó cài háishì měiguó cài?

Do you like Chinese or American food?

 

   6. Ask about degree with 多。

多 is often used to ask about the degree or extent of something. Use 多+ adjective to express “How big? How old? How long?”…..

你今年多大?

Nǐ jīnnián duōdà?

How old are you?

你家有多少人?

Nǐ jiā yǒu duōshǎo rén?

How many people are there in your family?