The first half of my life 7

 

Grammar

 

"verb+了没  

le méi "  

is an oral expression of yes-no question. Its meaning is the same as “verb+了吗  le ma”

 

你吃饭了没?

nĭ chīfàn le méi ?

Have you eaten yet?

 

你学中文了没?

nĭ xué zhōngwén le méi ?

Have you learned Chinese?

 

"verb+不  

bù  +verb"

can begin a yes-no question. The meaning is the same as “吗  ma”

 

你要不要去学校?

nĭ yàobúyào qù xué xiào ?

Do you want to go to school?

 

你吃不吃饭?

nĭ chībùchī fàn ?

Do you want to have dinner?

 

"verb+两  

liăng +measure word"

can be used in oral to express doing something in a short period or with a small amount.

 

你吃两口饭再走吧。

nĭ chī liăngkŏufàn zàizŏu ba 。

Have some food then leave.

 

我只和他说了两句话。

wŏ zhī hé tā shuōle liăngjùhuà 。

I just talked a few words with him.

 

 

才  

cái  

is an adverb with many uses. One of them is to show the conditions and results. “才 cái  ” can be used in the clause to emphasize.

 

他做完了作业才去玩儿。

tā zuòwánle zuòyè cái qùwánr 。

He finished his homework before he went to play.

 

洗了手才能吃饭。

xĭle shŏu cáinéng chīfàn 。

Wash your hands before you eat.

 

 

“time phrase+前  

qián  ”

means the things or time before something.

 

睡觉前我要喝一杯牛奶。

shuìjiàoqián wŏyào hēyìbēi niúnăi 。

I need to drink a glass of milk before sleep.

 

考试前我要看书。

kăoshìqián wŏyào kànshū 。

I need to review before the test.

 

“之间 

zhī jiān  ”

means between or among.

 

我们之间有很多问题。

wŏmen zhījiān yŏu hĕnduō wèntí 。

There are many problems between us.

 

朋友之间应该互相帮助。

péngyou zhījiān yīnggāi hùxiāngbāngzhù 。

Friends should help each other.

 

 

得   

dĕi   

is an adverb means have to.

 

我明天得去工作。

wŏ míngtiān dĕiqù gōngzuò 。

I have to work tomorrow.

 

你得复习中文课。

nĭdĕi fùxí zhōngwénkè 。

You have to review the Chinese lessons.