The first half of my life 3
has similar uses as 要不然 yào bù rán , it means “otherwise”. However 否则 fŏu zé is more formal than 要不然 yào bù rán， it is often used in a serious situation.
jīntiān nĭ yídìngyào zuòwán nĭde gōngzuò ， fŏuzé míngtiān jiù búyòng lái shàngbān le 。
You must finish your work today, otherwise you don’t need to come to work tomorrow.
nĭ kuàizŏu ba ， fŏuzé shàngxué huì chídào de 。
Hurry up, otherwise you will be late!
means "even if," and has a slightly stronger tone than 即使 jí shĭ and 就算 jiù suàn It is therefore often used to disregard hypothetical statements of a more serious nature. It is normally used with 也 yĕ . Some forms of the pattern also use 再 zài .
năpà nĭ gĕi tā yígè píngguŏ ， tā yĕhuì hĕngāoxìng de 。
Even if you give her an apple, it will make her very happy.
năpà tā hĕnyŏuqián ， wŏyĕ búyào hétā zàiyìqĭ 。
Even if he is very rich, I still don’t want to be with him.
bù le /得了dé le
This is used to talk about whether you are able to do something or not." It is subtly different from using 不能 bù néng , because 不了 bù liăo usually suggests some external factor being out of one's control.
jīntiān wănshang wŏ yŏushì ， qùbùliăo tāde shēngrìhuì le 。
I have something to do this evening, I can’t go to her birthday party.
nĭ mĕitiān hĕnwăn huíjiā ， miănbùliăo nĭde tàitai huì shēngqì 。
You go home very late every night, your wife is bound to be angry.
is a pattern used to express "everyone" (or possibly "anyone") in Chinese.
shéi dōu xĭhuan mĕinǚ 。
Everyone likes pretty girls.
tā shéi dōu bùxiăngjiàn ！
She doesn’t want to see anybody!
is a link word between the hypothesis and the causal relationship is emphasized, which means if there is a cause , there will be a result.
jīntiān duō zuòdiănr ， míngtiān de gōngzuò bújiù shăole ma ？
If you work more today, then you will work less tomorrow.
gĕi nĭde tàitai măigè lĭwù ， tā bújiù gāoxìng le 。
Buy a gift for your wife and she will be happy!
“有 yŏu ….才有 cái yŏu …”
expresses the first part is the necessary (under many situations, also sufficient) condition to the second part.
yŏujiā cáiyŏuài 。
Only is there a family, there is love.
yŏutā de bāngzhù ， cáiyŏu zhège gōngsī 。
Only with her help, can you have this company.