lesson 1 hello
 
 

grammar

The verb 姓  xìng

​姓 xìng  is used both a noun and a transitive verb. When it’s used as a verb it must be followed by an object.

你姓什么?

nĭ xìng shén me ?

What is your surname?

我姓Andrews。

wŏ xìng Andrews。

My surname is Andrews.

贵姓  guì xìng is a respectful way of asking someone’s surname.

When you are using this form ,“什么  shén me ”  won’t be followed.

你贵姓。

nĭ guì xìng 。

What is your surname?

我姓张。

wŏ xìng zhāng 。

My surname is Zhang.

Question partial “呢  ne 

​呢 ne often follows a noun or pronoun to form a question when the content of the question is already clear from the context.

请问,你贵姓?

qĭng wèn , nĭ guì xìng ?

What’s your family name, please?

我姓张,你呢?

wŏ xìng zhāng , nĭ ne ?

My family name is Zhang. How about you?

你叫什么名字?

nĭ jiào shén me míng zi ?

What’s your name?

我叫Rachel, 你呢?

wŏ jiào Rachel, nĭ ne ?

My name is Rachel. What about you?

 

The verb 叫  jiào

The verb 叫   jiào has several meanings. In today’s lesson it means “to be called”. It can be followed by a full name or a given name.

你叫什么名字?

nĭ jiào shén me míng zi ?

What’s your name?

我叫王丽。

wŏ jiào wáng lì 。

My name is Wang Li.