lesson 15  
​how to get to the shopping center?
 
 

gRAMMAR

怎么+verb

The question pronoun 怎么is often used before verbs to indicate how to do certain things.

我怎么去购物广场?

Wǒ zěnme qù gòuwù guǎngchǎng?

How do I go to the shopping mall?

 

这个字怎么写?

Zhège zì zěnme xiě?

How do you spell this word?

 

Express” from… to” by using “从…..到…. ”

This structure is used the same way as that in English, and it can be used for both time and place.

我从星期一到星期五学中文。

Wǒ cóng xīngqí yī dào xīngqíwǔ xué zhōngwén.

I learn Chinese from Monday to Friday.

 

从我家到购物中心不远。

Cóng wǒjiā dào gòuwù zhòng xīn bù yuǎn.

It’s not far from my house to the shopping mall.

 

The adverb 有一点儿

Although 有一点儿and 一点儿are both translated into “a little”, 一点 is an adjective modifying the noun following it, and 有一点儿 is modifying the following adjective.

我的家有一点儿大。

Wǒ de jiā yǒu yīdiǎn er dà.

地铁站离这儿有一点儿远。

My house is a little too big.

 

Dìtiě zhàn lí zhè'er yǒu yīdiǎn er yuǎn

It’s a little far from here to the subway station.

 

Express “need” by using 要

In spoken Chinese 要 can be used as verb “to need”.

去学校走路要1分钟。

Qù xuéxiào zǒulù yào yī fēnzhōng.

We need one minute to walk to school.

 

这件衣服要100美元。

Zhè jiàn yīfú yào yībǎi měiyuán.

This coat costs 100 dollars.

 

Express “too” by using 太….了

This set structure is not used as past tense, but to express something is excessive. But in spoken Chinese, it’s not as negative as “too” in English, so it can be translated as “so “or “very”.

打车太贵了。

Dǎchē tài guìle.

It’s very expensive to take a taxi.

 

你的中文太好了。

Nǐ de zhōngwén tài hǎole.

Your Chinese is so good.