lesson 12   
paying bill
 
 

gRAMMAR

The measure word for people 位

位is a formal measure word for people, it is usually followed by professions. When used alone with quantifiers, it usually indicates the number of person.

请问几位?

Qǐngwèn jǐ wèi?

How many persons do you have, please?

 

我们两位。

Wǒmen liǎng wèi.

Two persons.

 

Expressing brief actions by using 一下

一下is translated into “once” , which can soften the tone in a question or an imperative sentence. Therefore make it more polite.

我看一下菜单吧。

Wǒ kàn yīxià càidān ba.

Let me have a look at the menu.

 

我去一下洗手间。

Wǒ qù yīxià xǐshǒujiān.

I’ll use the washroom.

 

Auxiliary verb 可以

可以is often translated as “can”, it is primarily used for expressing permission. 

我可以看一下你的书吗?

Wǒ kěyǐ kàn yīxià nǐ de shū ma?

May I have a look at your book?

 

妈妈我可以吃巧克力吗?

Māmā wǒ kěyǐ chī qiǎokèlì ma?

Can I have chocolate, mom?

 

The spoken expression of 来

In colloquial expressions , the verb 来 can serve as a substitute for certain verbs, mostly in imperative sentences.

服务员来一盘饺子。

Fúwùyuán lái yī pán jiǎozi.

Waiter, one more plate of dumplings, please.

再来一盘炒饭。

Zàilái yī pán chǎofàn.

Another plate of fried rice, please.

 

The adverb 只

When 只 used before verbs, it usually means “only”, this adverb often comes before verbs.

我只要一盘饺子。

Wǒ zhǐyào yī pán jiǎozi.

I need only one plate of dumplings.

 

我只有一个哥哥。

Wǒ zhǐyǒu yīgè gēgē.

I have only one brother.

 

Another 再

再can be used before certain verbs to mean “some more” or “another”

再吃一点儿。

Zài chī yīdiǎn er.

Have some more!

 

再点一个菜吧。

Zài diǎn yīgè cài ba.

Let’s order another dish.