The measure word for people 位
位is a formal measure word for people, it is usually followed by professions. When used alone with quantifiers, it usually indicates the number of person.
Qǐngwèn jǐ wèi?
How many persons do you have, please?
Wǒmen liǎng wèi.
Expressing brief actions by using 一下
一下is translated into “once” , which can soften the tone in a question or an imperative sentence. Therefore make it more polite.
Wǒ kàn yīxià càidān ba.
Let me have a look at the menu.
Wǒ qù yīxià xǐshǒujiān.
I’ll use the washroom.
Auxiliary verb 可以
可以is often translated as “can”, it is primarily used for expressing permission.
Wǒ kěyǐ kàn yīxià nǐ de shū ma?
May I have a look at your book?
Māmā wǒ kěyǐ chī qiǎokèlì ma?
Can I have chocolate, mom?
The spoken expression of 来
In colloquial expressions , the verb 来 can serve as a substitute for certain verbs, mostly in imperative sentences.
Fúwùyuán lái yī pán jiǎozi.
Waiter, one more plate of dumplings, please.
Zàilái yī pán chǎofàn.
Another plate of fried rice, please.
The adverb 只
When 只 used before verbs, it usually means “only”, this adverb often comes before verbs.
Wǒ zhǐyào yī pán jiǎozi.
I need only one plate of dumplings.
Wǒ zhǐyǒu yīgè gēgē.
I have only one brother.
再can be used before certain verbs to mean “some more” or “another”
Zài chī yīdiǎn er.
Have some more!
Zài diǎn yīgè cài ba.
Let’s order another dish.