Moderating the tone of voice with （一）点儿
一点儿can soften the tone in a question or an imperative sentence, therefore making the sentence more polite.
Wǒ hē diǎn er chá bā!
I will have some tea!
Nǐ xiǎng chī diǎn er shénme?
What do you want to eat?
The verb 会
It is often translated as “can” in English. It means having the skill to do something through learning or instruction.
Wǒ bù huì zuò fàn.
I do not know how to cook.
Wǒ huì shuō zhōngwén.
I can speak Chinese.
To depend on 看
In spoken Chinese, 看 can be used as to depend on or depends.
Qù bù qù zhōngguó, yào kàn wǒ māmā.
It depends on my mother whether we will go to China or not.
Wǒ dū kěyǐ, kàn nǐmen.
I’m fine with everything, it depends on you.
Expressing distance with 离
The sentence pattern is place 1 +离+place 1+近/远。
Wǒjiā lí xuéxiào bù yuǎn.
My home is not far from school.
Zhōng cānguǎn lí wǒjiā hěn jìn.
The Chinese restaurant is very close to my home.