乐山大佛 The Leshan Giant Buddha

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Dialogue

 

乐山大佛是中国唐代的佛教石刻造像。

lè shān   dà fó  shì  zhōng guó  táng dài  de  fó jiào  shí kè  zào xiàng

The Leshan Giant Buddha is a Buddhist stone sculpture made in the Tang Dynasty.

 

位置在四川省乐山市东面,岷江,青衣江,大渡河交汇处的栖鸾峰下是在凌云山山崖上凿成的。

wèi zhi zài  sì chuān shĕng  lè shān shì  dōng miàn ,mín jiāng , qīng yī jiāng , dà dù hé  jiāo huì chù de  qī luán fēng xià  shì zài  líng yún shān  shān yá  shàng  záo chéng de 。

It is located to the east of Leshan City, Sichuan Province, at the confluence of three rivers, namely, Min River, Qingyi River and Dadu River. It is craved into the cliffs of Mt. Lingyun.

 

大佛为弥勒佛坐像,通高七十一米,肩宽二十四米。

dà fó  wéi  mí lè fó  zuò xiàng , tōng gāo  qī shí yī mĭ , jiān kuān  èr shí sì mĭ 。

The 71 meter-tall statue of the laughing Buddha is in a sitting posture, his shoulders are 24 meters wide.

 

其中头高14.7米,宽十米,耳朵长六点七米,眼睛三点三米,脖子高三米,脚背宽九米。

qí zhōng  tóu gāo  14.7 mĭ , kuān  shí mĭ , ĕr duo cháng  liù diăn qī mĭ , yăn jing  sān diăn sān mĭ , bó zi  gāo sān mĭ , jiăo bèi  kuān jiŭ mĭ 。

His head is 14.7 meters long and 10 meters broad; His dropping ear is 6.7 meters long ; and each eye is 3.3 meterswide ; His neck is 3 meters long; and the instep of his foot is 9 meters wide.

 

它是世界上最大的石刻佛像。可以说山是一尊佛,佛是一座山。

tā shì  shì jiè shàng  zuì dà de  shí kè  fó xiàng 。 kĕ yĭ shuō  shān shì yī zūn fó , fó shì yí zuò shān 。

It is the biggest stone carving statue Buddha in the world. It occupies the entire hillside, and a local saying describes the Buddha like this: “ The mountain unveils a Buddha, while the Buddha fades into the mountain”.

Vocabulary

Chinese character 汉字

English   英语

pinyin   拼音

Buddha

唐代

Tang Dynasty

táng dài

石刻

Carved stone

shí kè

Make

zào

Location, located

wèi zhi

位置

River

jiāng

Peak

fēng

山崖

Cliff

shān yá

To Chisel

záo

弥勒佛

Maitreya Buddha

mí lè fó

All, whole, entire

tōng

Shoulder

jiān

宽宽

Wide

kuān

其中

Among, in

qí zhōng

脚背

Instep

jiăo bèi

Grammar point

方位介词     fāng wèi jiè cí        Position of location

 

山下是一条河

shān xià shì yì tiáo hé

There is a river below the mountain.

 

我家楼上有三个房间。

wŏ jiā lóu shàng yŏu sān gè fáng jiān 。

There are three rooms upstairs.

 

其中           qí zhōng            Among

 

这里一共五个人,其中三个是女人。

zhè lĭ yí gòng wŭ gè rén , qí zhōng sān gè shì nǚ ren 。

There are five people here, three of them women.

 

他们两个人其中一个是小偷。

tā men liăng gè rén qí zhōng yí gè shì xiăo tōu 。

One of them is a thief.

 

为          wéi       is, are

 

住在北方的人多为汉族。

zhù zài bĕi fāng de rén duō wéi hàn zú 。

The majority of people living in north are Han.

 

这些事情他已经习以为常了。

zhè xiē shì qing tā yĭ jīng xí yĭ wéi cháng le 。

He has use to those things now.

 

Measure words

 

尊          zūn          

It is a measure word for something that is precious and respectable.

 

一尊佛像。

yì zūn fó xiàng 。

a statue of Buddha.

 

一尊花瓶。

yì zūn huā píng 。

a vase.

 

座            zuò            

It is a measure word for something that is giant and immovable.

 

一座山。

yí zuò shān 。

a mountain.

 

一座城市。

yí zuò chéng shì 。

a city.

 

 

Exercise

 

Choose the right definitions for the words below.

 

 1.  buddha (    )

A. 唐代táng dài

B. 佛fó

C. 石刻shí kè

D. 造zào

 

2.  location (    )

A. 位置wèi zhi

B. 造zào

C. 山崖shān yá

D. 石刻shí kè

 

3.  peak (    )

A. 江jiāng

B. 凿záo

C. 通tōng

D. 峰fēng

 

4.  cliff (    )

A. 弥勒佛mí lè fó

B. 脚背jiăo bèi

C. 唐代táng dài

D. 山崖shān yá

 

5.  among (    )

A. 唐代táng dài

B. 位置wèi zhi

C. 其中qí zhōng

D. 山崖shān yá

 

6. shoulder (    )

A. 尊zūn

B. 宽kuān

C. 肩jiān

D. 座zuò

 

 

Complete the sentences below.

 

(      )是中国唐代的佛教石刻造像,位置在(  )省乐山市东面。大佛为弥勒佛坐像,通(  )七十一米,肩(   )二十四米。其中头(   )十四点七米,(  )十米,耳朵(   )六点七米,眼睛三点三米,脖子(    )三米,脚背(    )九米。它是(  )上最大的石刻佛像。可以说山是一( )佛,佛是一(   )山。

 

( ) shì zhōng guó  táng dài de  fó jiào shí kè zào xiàng , wèi zhi zài ( ) shĕng lè shān shì dōng miàn 。 dà fó wéi mí lè fó zuò xiàng , tōng ( ) qī shí yī mĭ , jiān ( ) èr shí sì mĭ 。 qí zhōng tóu ( )shí sì diăn qī mĭ ,( ) shí mĭ , ĕr duo ( ) liù diăn qī mĭ , yăn jing sān diăn sān mĭ , bó zi ( ) sān mĭ , jiăo bèi ( ) jiŭ mĭ 。 tā shì ( ) shàng zuì dà de shí kè fó xiàng 。 kĕ yĭ shuō shān shì yī ( ) fó , fó shì yī ( ) shān 。

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