A Date with Luyu – Cui Yongyuan 1

 
 

Grammar

到….为止    

dào...wéi zhĭ    

has the similar meaning to “until”, they are used in different sentence structures. The time phrases should lie between"到" dào    and  "为止" wéi zhĭ   when using it。This shouldn’t be placed at the end of a sentence.

 

到今年为止他的母亲还是没有给他回信。

dào jīn nián wéi zhĭ tā de mŭ qīn hái shi méi yŏu gĕi tā huí xìn 。

His mother hasn’t written to him so far.

 

到目前为止警察还没有找到这个小偷。

dào mù qián wéi zhĭ jĭng chá hái méi yŏu zhăo dào zhè ge xiăo tōu 。

The police haven’t found the thief so far.

 

令    

lìng    

is similar to the meaning of   "让"  ràng   when using as a verb. Its meaning is stronger and it is used in formal and written language.

 

令人不解的是,这么多人都没有办法搬起这块小石头。

lìng rén bù jiĕ de shì , zhè me duō rén dōu méi yŏu bàn fă bān qĭ zhè kuài xiăo shí tou 。

Perplexingly, quite a few people couldn’t move this small rock.

 

他爱人离开的消息令他非常难过。

tā ài ren lí kāi de xiāo xi lìng tā fēi cháng nán guò 。

The news of his lover’s departure made his very sad.

既…也…      

jì....yě...      "既"   jì  

can be used in conjunction with either "又 "  yòu   or  "也"   yě   to express that something is "both A and B". With "也"  yě   is used primarily for verbs or verb phrases.

这个女孩既是我的妹妹,也是我最好的朋友。

zhè ge nǚ hái jì shì wŏ de mèi mei , yĕ shì wŏ zuì hăo de péng you 。

The girl is my sister and best friend.

 

他既没有工作,也没有房子。

tā jì méi yŏu gōng zuò , yĕ méi yŏu fáng zi 。

He has no job and no house.

 

仅仅     

jĭn jĭn     

is a adverb to describe a small quantity. It is similar to the meaning of  "只"  zhĭ  , but with a stronger meaning.

 

仅仅半年,他就把中文学好了。

jĭn jĭn bàn nián , tā jiù bă zhōng wén xué hăo le 。

He mastered Chinese well only half a year later.

 

仅仅一个人,是没有办法完成这个任务的。

jĭn jĭn yí gè rén , shì méi yŏu bàn fă wán chéng zhè ge rèn wu de 。

This task can’t be done alone.