Boss Town-Mobike 1

 
 

Grammar

为            

wéi           

it means “as” when usingafter verbs

 

作为一个家的主人,我应该承担这个家的责任。

zuò wéi yí gè jiā de zhŭ rén , wŏ yīng gāi chéng dān zhè ge jiā de zé rèn 。

As the homeowner, I should take the responsibility for this family.

 

爱迪生被称为“世界光明之父”。

ài dí shēng bèi chēng wéi “ shì jiè guāng míng zhī fù ”。

Edison was known as the "Father of the bright world."

 

被           

bèi

Sentences, which are called 被字句 (bèi zì jù) in Chinese, are a key way to express the passive in modern Mandarin Chinese. In passive sentences, the object of an action becomes the subject of the sentence, and what would have been the subject of the normal (active voice) sentence, the "doer" of the action, becomes secondary, and may or may not be included in the passive sentence.

 

我们的国家被日本人占领了。

wŏ men de guó jiā bèi rì bĕn rén zhàn lĭng le 。

Our country was occupied by the Japanese.

 

她被这个男人无情地抛弃了。

tā bèi zhè ge nán rén wú qíng de pāo qì le 。

She was abandoned by the man ruthlessly.

 

按照       

àn  zhào      

means “according to “or “to follow”.

 

我按照你们的安排工作。

wŏ àn zhào nĭ men de ān pái gōng zuò 。

I work in accordance with your arrangement.

 

按照导航的指示开车就不会迷路。

àn zhào dăo háng de zhĭ shì kāi chē jiù bú huì mí lù 。

You will not get lost if you follow the instructions of the navigation.

 

下来                   

xià lai              

It is used as a verb complement to express finish or done something.

 

马拉松跑下来需要5个小时。

mă lá sōng păo xià lai xū yào wŭ gè xiăo shí 。

It takes 5 hours to finish the Marathon.

 

这个公司一年的收入算下来还不到十万。

zhè ge gōng sī yì nián de shōu rù suàn xià lai hái bú dào shí wàn

The company's annual income is less than 100, 000.